Asian Barometer Survey Wave 4
By Taylor Nelson Sofres Vietnam
- Basic information
The Asian Barometer 2015 Survey covered the entire Viet Nam, and had 6 major study areas: Northern Midlands and Mountains, Red River Delta, North and South Central Coast, Central Highlands, Southeast, Mekong River Delta.
With an estimated 85.8 million inhabitants (Census 2009), it is the world’s 13th – most – populous country, and the eight-most-populous country in Asia. According to census data, during the last decade the proportion of people living in urban areas increased from 23.7% in 1999 to 29.6% in 2009. This translates into a total of 25.4 million urban residents out of a national population of 85.8 million in 2009. The main increase in urbanization took place in the already large urban areas with 200,000 residents or more. The total number of these urban centres has increased from 9 in 1999 to 15 in 2009.
The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a single-party state. Its current state constitution, which replaced the 1975 constitution in April 1992, asserts the central role of the Communist Party of Vietnam in all organs of government, politics and society. The General Secretary of the Communist Party performs numerous key administrative and executive functions, controlling the party’s national organization and state appointments, as well as setting policy. Only political organizations affiliated with or endorsed by the Communist Party are permitted to contest elections in Vietnam. These include the Vietnamese Fatherland Front and worker and trade unionist parties. Although the state remains officially committed to socialism as its defining creed, its economic policies have grown increasingly capitalist, with The Economist characterizing its leadership as “ardently capitalist communists”.